CAUSAL GENERALIZATIONS

 
PROJECTS

Tipton (PI) & Hedges (co-PI)

The Generalizer is a free webtool that guides K-12 researchers through the process of (1) designing a sample recruitment plan with generalization in mind and (2) reporting where the results of a study may (or may not) generalize well.

Funded by the Spencer Foundation (2014-2018)

Tipton (PI)
& Spybrook (co-PI)

In this project, we will design a new webtool that for designing cluster randomized trials in K-12 education with both statistical power and generalizability in mind.

 

Funded by the Institute of Education Sciences (2017-2022)

NATIONAL STUDY OF LEARNING MINDSETS

Yeager (PI)

In this study, a randomized trial of 9th graders was conducted within a stratified random sample of 76 high schools in the United States. 

I was involved in the design of the study, as well as in subsequent analyses related to the generalizability of findings.

For more info, so here

 

1. COMMENTARIES AND SYNTHESES

Tipton, E. & Olsen, R. (2018) A review of statistical methods for generalizing from evaluations of educational interventions. Educational Researcher, 47(8): 516-524.

Tipton, E. & Matlen, B. (2019) The development and implementation of a strategic recruitment plan for generalizability: A case study. American Journal of Evaluation, 40(3), 414 – 430.

Tipton, E. & Hedges, L.V. (2017) The role of the sample in estimating and explaining treatment effect variation: A commentary on three papers. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness. 10(4): 903-906.

 

2. PLANNING FOR GENERALIZATION

Tipton, E., Yeager, D., Schneider, B., & Iachan, R. (2019) Designing Probability Samples to Identify Sources of Treatment Effect Heterogeneity. Chapter in Experimental Methods in Survey Research: Techniques that Combine Random Sampling with Random Assignment (Editor: Lavrakas, P.J.) New York, NY: Wiley.

Yeager, D., Hanselman, P., Walton, G., Murray, J., Crosnoe, R., Muller, C., Tipton, E., Schneider, B., Hullemon, C., *Hinojosa, C., Paunesku, D., Romero, C., Flint, K., Roberts, A., Trott, J., Iachan, R., Buontempo, J., *Hooper, S., Murray, J., Carvalho, C., Hahn, R., Gopalan, M., Mhatre, M., Ferguson, R., Duckworth, A. & Dweck, C. A (2019) National Experiment Reveals Where a Growth Mindset Improves Achievement. Nature: 1-6.

Tipton, E. & Peck, L. A Design-based approach to improve external validity in welfare policy evaluations. Special issue on external validity. Evaluation Review, 41(4):326–356.

Tipton, E. (2014) Stratified sampling using cluster analysis: A balanced-sampling strategy for improved generalizations from experiments. Evaluation Review, 37(2): 109-139.

Tipton, E., Hedges, L.V., Vaden-Kiernan, M., Borman, G.D., Sullivan, K. & Caverly, S. (2014) Sample selection in randomized experiments: A new method using propensity score stratified sampling. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 7(1): 114-135.

 
 
 
RESOURCES
 

SHORT OVERVIEW OF METHODS

tipton at northwestern.edu

2040 Sheridan Road, Evanson, IL 60201

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